Friday, 28 February 2014

Gingivitis & Periodontal Disease

Gingivitis or gum disease mostly starts from bacterial growth and without proper treatment it can lead to decay or tooth loss. This is also known as periodontal disease and it causes destruction of tissue surrounding your teeth.

How Gingivitis Differs from Periodontists?

Gingivitis causes inflammation in your gum and usually leads to Periodontitis, which is also known as gum disease.

What's the Difference Between Gingivitis and Periodontists?

But you must know that Gingivitis every time doesn't escalate to Periodontitis. Bacterial plaque results in inflammation and bleeding at the time of brushing. At this the damage is not very big. Gingivitis if untreated can turn to Periodontitis. This is the stage when the inner parts of the gum and bone seem to pull away and form separate pockets, where debris formed giving rise to infections.  This plaque full of toxins and poisonous elements grows and spreads below the gum. However,  as the body's immune system starts fighting the disease, they produce good enzymes that start fighting this condition. But this process tends to break down the bone and the tissues holding the terrible in its place. The pockets deepen with passing time and more gum and bone face destruction. They are easily uprooted from their place. In adults tooth loss occurs primarily due to gum disease.

Primary Cause of Gum Disease?

Plaque being the prime instigator of gum ailments coupled with other factors like hormone changes during pregnancy, menopause, puberty, and monthly menstrual cycles. These makes the gum more sensitive and causes the growth of gingivitis.

These illnesses tend to affect your gums adversely. The diseases like cancer or HIV affect the immunity system. Diabetes affects blood sugar level, and these patients are at greater risk of getting gum infections. There are medicines that affect oral health as they reduce the salivary flow protecting the teeth and the gums. Drugs like Dilantin (anticonvulsant medication), Procardia and Adalat ( anti-angina drug), might lead to exceptional gum tissue growth. If you are a smoker then your gum tissue will lose its ability to repair itself. Bad oral habits also give greatly in this regard. Family's history of dental problems also add to this.

Gum Disease Symptoms

This problem doesn't show symptoms initially. It shows at a later stage. The symptoms are pretty subtle, it's not that this happens without any warning signs. Bleeding gums at the time of brushing and after brushing is a common symptom. Swollen and weak or tender gums are also common among people suffering gingivitis. A major problem that most people face in this disease is bad breath. Few other commonly occurring symptoms are receding gums, shifting teeth, changes in teeth fitting as you bite into things. Gum disease may occur in certain teeth like molars.

Even if you don't have pronounced symptoms of gingivitis, you must never ignore the fact that a little amount of gingivitis might exist in your gums too.

These problems are recognizable only by a professional dentist or a Periodontist. This is one of the reasons why, you must always go for regular dental checkups to find out if you have any gum problem affecting you from within. This is a slow disease that doesn't show its symptoms at the very first stage. You need to find out from your dentist about the simple home based processes of oral care to avoid gum disease.

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